Use of engineering controls key factor in complying with OSHA’s Silica Dust Deadline


In a move to help silica dust-producing operations comply with impending rule changes, a pioneer of industrial dust control is reminding companies that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) respirable crystalline silica (RCS) dust emissions Final Rule [OSHA §1910.1053 Respirable crystalline silica] compliance deadline for General Industry is June 23, 2018.  BossTek® (formerly Dust Control Technology) helps operators safeguard the health of individuals by emphasizing the use of field-proven atomized misting systems to minimize dust particles, forced downtime and potential fines.

Serving applications from concrete cutting to slag handling to demolition and recycling, workplace safety has always been a priority for BossTek.

“We believe that dust control doesn’t need to come at the expense of production or profits but should support operations and deliver a return on investment,” explained CEO Edwin Peterson. “Although added regulations are always a strain on any business, compliance is an opportunity to assess current dust control efforts and improve effectiveness.”

DustBoss Fusion

Why the Regulation?

Due to the small size, RCS of PM10 (particulate matter ≤10 microns [μm]) can penetrate the body’s natural defenses (mucus membranes, cilia, etc.), reaching deep into the lungs.  Invisible to the naked eye and able to travel long distances on ambient air currents, workers are often unaware of the lingering RCS and take off protective masks, risking exposure and potentially contracting silicosis over time.

Silicosis is a chronic and incurable disease that affects millions of workers in a wide variety of industries.  Without proper protection, workers with extensive exposure can experience a buildup of RCS deep in the lungs, restricting lung capacity.  Silicosis can potentially lead to more harmful and life-threatening lung ailments such as pneumonia, pulmonary tuberculosis and lung cancer.

With this in mind, not only does the OSHA Final Rule require regular monitoring by the employer, but it also sets personal exposure limits (PEL) and suggests engineering controls and particulate isolation rather than putting the entire onus of wearing uncomfortable respirators on the employees.  By doing this, regulators also limit fugitive dust emissions from leaving the site line and exposing the wider public.

“The RCS regulations are touching a wide range of industries,” said Peterson.  “Some operations can implement a single solution, whereas others create dust throughout the entire processes and require unique solutions at each stage.”


Using a personal dust monitor worn by a trained employee continually monitors the amount of RCS to ensure the exposure is under the average “action level” of 25 µg/m3 (micrograms of RCS per cubic meter of air).  Plants must protect workers if they have an amount of RCS dust above the PEL of 50 µg/m3, averaged over an 8-hour day.  To control these levels, OSHA gives very general instructions regarding methods of compliance, advising companies to:

  • Use engineering controls - Isolate dust in sealed chute systems and dust collectors, and/or using water-based atomized suppression systems.
  • Provide respirators - Compliance cannot be achieved by respirators alone, but should be used in areas where engineering controls cannot adequately limit exposure.
  • Limit worker access to high exposure areas - Vary staff assignments throughout the day.
  • Develop a written exposure control plan - Have it available along with monitoring results.
  • Offer medical exams to highly exposed workers - Review the regulation for compliance details.
  • Train workers on silica risks and how to limit exposures - Workers should be able to identify to OSHA inspectors the dust control supervisor and the compliance details when asked.

Non-compliance could result in fines, process disruptions and legal action by federal or state agencies or workers. If PEL reading are at or above the permissible exposure level, plants must take action with isolation or engineered controls. And fines - even for first offences - can be steep. For example, following the construction industry deadline of June, 23rd 2017, some general contractors and developers are facing fines of $40K-$70K.

DB-R Ring Dust Suppression

Engineering Controls and Isolation

Engineering controls include equipment that reduces or eliminates worker exposure to RCS.  To address outdoor dust emissions from a wide range of activities -- including storage pile management, cutting, demolition and recycling activities, the DustBoss® line of atomized mist cannons uses high-pressure water driven to a circular manifold at the end of a specialized cylindrical barrel with an industrial fan in back.  As the unit oscillates, the fan directs air through the cone-shaped cannon and propels millions of tiny droplets approximately the same size as the dust particles in a long cone covering an area of up to 5 football fields in size.

Outdoor isolation of particle emissions for stackout conveyors and chutes where the cargo stream is exposed to open air currents can be accomplished using point source suppression such as non-mechanical misting rings and spray bars.  A misting ring encloses the stream in a curtain of atomized mist, preventing dust from migrating.  Open air discharge resulting in dusty blowback from impact -- e.g. when vehicles load into a hopper or from a conveyor discharging into a transfer chute -- can be suppressed by combining rings and spray bars to create a dust barrier.

For hydrophobic materials like coal, dosing pumps attached to both the mechanical and non-mechanical units can apply dust-suppressing surfactants and crusting agents.  The sprayed surfactant agents reduce the surface tension of water, improving its ability to wet surfaces and form fine droplets that reduce dust emissions.

DustBoss Atomized Mist Cannon

“Compliance not only protects workers, but also protects the bottom line from downtime, fines and lawsuits,” said Peterson.  “Investing in long-lasting and field-proven equipment translates to a sensible ROI and peace of mind over the long term.”

An innovator in atomized mist technology, BossTek's line of DustBoss® products are the most trusted and well-known in the industry. For more information on how the DustBoss, OSHA's Silica regulations, and how BossTek can help you stay compliant, visit the pages below...


For the latest product news...


DTI: Dust Control at Steel Mills

By BossTek | June 17, 2019

As the last branching option for demolition materials in the DustBoss throughout the Industries chart, steel materials are not only sent to scrap yards for processing, but they can also be transported directly to steel mills. At the core of these facilities, steel mills take steel-based metals and melt them down to be cast for… Continue Reading

DTI: Dust Control at Concrete Crushing Facilities

By BossTek | June 3, 2019

As the demolition materials choose one of their many paths of life to walk throughout the industries, some choose the path that leads them to concrete crushing facilities. Large bulk aggregate is often brought to these facilities to be broken down from large chunks into more manageable sizes. Concrete from paved roads or structural foundations… Continue Reading

DTI: Dust Control at Scrap Yards

By BossTek | May 6, 2019

Demolition jobs are the king of the DustBoss throughout the Industries chart, putting a process into motion that allows collected materials to travel to a variety of facilities where they will be recycled and used across different industries. Many bi-products of a demolition, when recycled, can help companies reclaim a portion of the costs associated… Continue Reading

DTI: Dust Control at Transfer Stations

By BossTek | April 22, 2019

Materials created during the demolition process are sent to various industries across the world. Looking at the DustBoss throughout the Industries chart, a transfer station is one of the first possible facilities these resources will visit. At these locations, two main types of materials arrive from trucks used in demolition loading which fall into the… Continue Reading

DTI: Dust Control at Demolitions

By BossTek | April 8, 2019

Copious amounts of dust is created in various industries, and DustBoss implements effective suppression through atomized mist at each stop. At the top of the DustBoss throughout the Industries chain, demolition projects create many reasons for dust control methods’ existence. Three main operations of the demolition industry create unwanted dust that affects the community, workers,… Continue Reading

DustBoss throughout the Industries

By BossTek | March 25, 2019

Fugitive dust is created in various ways throughout many different industries. Without the implementation of proper suppression techniques, this unwanted dust can cause harm and irritation to those it comes into contact with. These migrant particles can leave short and long-term effects on those impacted depending on varied factors such as duration, composition, and areas… Continue Reading

Want to Clear the air? Ask the boss!

Let us provide you peace of mind with the most durable dust control solutions on the market! Call us today for a free quote!

This entry was posted in Blog, News, silica dust control, Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink. Both comments and trackbacks are currently closed.